Exodus, Book of

   Exodus is the name given in the LXX. to the second book of the Pentateuch (q.v.). It means "departure" or "outgoing." This name was adopted in the Latin translation, and thence passed into other languages. The Hebrews called it by the first words, according to their custom, Ve-eleh shemoth (i.e., "and these are the names").
   It contains,
   1) An account of the increase and growth of the Israelites in Egypt (ch. 1)
   2) Preparations for their departure out of Egypt (2-12:36).
   3) Their journeyings from Egypt to Sinai (12:37-19:2).
   4) The giving of the law and the establishment of the institutions by which the organization of the people was completed, the theocracy, "a kingdom of priest and an holy nation" (19:3-ch. 40).
   The time comprised in this book, from the death of Joseph to the erection of the tabernacle in the wilderness, is about one hundred and forty-five years, on the supposition that the four hundred and thirty years (12:40) are to be computed from the time of the promises made to Abraham (Gal. 3:17).
   The authorship of this book, as well as of that of the other books of the Pentateuch, is to be ascribed to Moses. The unanimous voice of tradition and all internal evidences abundantly support this opinion.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EXODUS, BOOK OF — (Heb. title) וְאֵלֶּה) שְׁמוֹת) (And these are) the names of – the first words of the book; Gk. exodos ton wion Israel ex aigyptou), departure (of the children of Israel from Egypt) ; (cf. Sefer Yeẓi at Miẓrayim ( book of the departure from Egypt …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Exodus, book of — The second book of the Pentateuch. It takes its title from the Greek LXX and means ‘departure’; it is divided by scholars, like other parts of the Pentateuch, into the sources J, E, and P, with the greatest parts in this book being assigned to J… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Exodus Decoded — Infobox Film name = The Exodus Decoded caption = DVD Cover director = Simcha Jacobovici producer = James Cameron writer = Simcha Jacobovici starring = music = cinematography = editing = distributor = A E Television Networks; NewVideo; The History …   Wikipedia

  • Exodus — (Greek: έξοδος, eksodos = departure ) is the second book of the Jewish Torah and of the Christian Old Testament. It tells how Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt and through the wilderness to the Mountain of God (Mount Sinai). There Yahweh,… …   Wikipedia

  • BOOK OF THE COVENANT — (Heb. Sefer ha Berit), name derived from Exodus 24:7 ( And he took the book of the covenant, and read it aloud to the people.… ), and usually taken to refer to the legal, moral, and cultic corpus of literature found in Exodus 20:22–23:33. This… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Exodus (disambiguation) — Exodus is the second book of the Torah and the Christian Bible. The Exodus is the departure of Hebrew slaves from Egypt under the leadership of Moses as related in the above book.Exodus or The Exodus may also refer to: In modern history*… …   Wikipedia

  • EXODUS RABBAH — (Heb. שְׁמוֹת רַבָּה, Shemot Rabbah), aggadic Midrash on the Book of Exodus (for the designation Rabbah, see ruth rabbah ). The Structure Exodus Rabbah, which is divided into 52 sections, consists of two different Midrashim (see Esther Rabbah;… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Exodus (ship) — Exodus 1947 was a ship that carried Jewish emigrants, that left France on July 11, 1947, with the intent of taking its passengers to Palestine, then controlled by the British. Most of the emigrants were Holocaust survivor refugees, who had no… …   Wikipedia

  • exodus — [eks′ə dəs; ] also [ eg′zədəs] n. [< LL Exodus (O.T. book) < Gr Exodus, lit., a going out < ex , out + hodos, way: see ODE1] 1. [E ] the departure of the Israelites from Egypt: with the 2. [E ] the second book of the Pentateuch in the… …   English World dictionary

  • Exodus — Ex o*dus, n. [L., the book of Exodus, Gr. ? a going or marching out; ? out + ? way, cf. {Skr}. [=a] sad to approach.] 1. A going out; particularly (the Exodus), the going out or journey of the Israelites from Egypt under the conduct of Moses; and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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